New Film Highlights the Legacy of Local Revolutionary Activist Michael Zinzun

By Justin Chapman, Pasadena Now, 2/27/2022

Decades before a Civilian Police Oversight Commission came to fruition last year, a Pasadena activist named Michael Zinzun dedicated his life to fighting police brutality. Local filmmaker Dennis Haywood released a new 52-minute film about the firebrand this week called “Zinzun: A Revolutionary Activist,” available on Vimeo.

The film, produced by Nancy Buchanan, Derrick Dancer, James Farr and Rochele Jones, features interviews with family members, friends and community members who knew and were inspired by Zinzun, and tells his remarkable life story.

Forward ever, backward never

Zinzun was born on Feb. 14, 1949, in Chicago. When his Apache father died when he was eight, his Black mother sent him to live with an aunt in Pasadena. He graduated from Blair High School in 1967 (some reports say 1965) and became a mechanic with a small repair shop in Altadena, until he was evicted by a major oil company.

He joined the Black Panther Party in 1970, which was an educational experience for him, but he left after 18 months because he found it “politically stifling,” he told the Los Angeles Times. He thought the group focused too much on idolizing its iconic leaders and not enough time training up-and-coming activists to rise through the ranks and organize in their communities. So he set out to organize on his own.

“I started to see a guy that was morphing away, and Pasadena was starting to be small,” said classmate Gary Moody, former president of the Pasadena NAACP, in the film. “His likeness was starting to spread. That brother was international. He was way beyond Pasadena. His impact was touching bases all over the world. If it wasn’t for his activism, there would be no Black Lives Matter [movement]. He took it to the nth degree in regards to, not only did it matter, [but] let’s go and do something about our Black lives so we can move forward and have a better life.”

Indeed, Zinzun worked hard to better his community. He supported at-risk youth. He started a free breakfast program to feed kids in Pasadena before they went to school. He launched a free pest control program called “Off the Roach” for poor families who were displaced by the construction of the Foothill (210) Freeway in Northwest Pasadena. The program sprayed over 10,000 houses. 

“There were roaches and rats everywhere,” Zinzun told the Pasadena Weekly in 2005. “We were trying to keep them out of the city because they carry disease, and while we were spraying the city government was treating us just like the roaches. They were trying to keep us out.”

Against police brutality

Zinzun was also an early and major figure in the anti-police brutality movement. In 1974, he co-founded Citizens Against Police Abuse (CAPA) along with activists Anthony Thigpenn in Pacoima and B. Kwaku Duren in Long Beach. The organization investigated allegations of police abuse, provided support to victims and families and called for cities across LA County to establish civilian police review boards.

The LAPD swiftly infiltrated the organization and put it under surveillance with J. Edgar Hoover-esque tactics. CAPA and the ACLU sued in 1983, resulting in the disbandment of the LAPD’s Public Disorder Intelligence Division and a $1.8 million settlement.

Shortly after 1 a.m. on June 22, 1986, hearing police arresting a man named Steve Rivers on suspicion of burglary in Pasadena’s Community Arms housing projects, Zinzun and a crowd of 30 people rushed to the scene. They thought the officers were trying to drag Rivers behind a building to beat him, so they called on the officers to stop and show their badge numbers.

Police claimed Zinzun struck an officer, which he adamantly denied. Although he was arrested that night, he was never charged with a crime. As Zinzun was trying to walk away, he was “attacked from behind by five to seven officers who sprayed him with tear gas, placed him in a chokehold, beat him and struck him in the face with a flashlight,” according to the LA Times.

Zinzun suffered a fractured skull and a severed optic nerve in his left eye, resulting in permanent vision loss. He sometimes wore a patch after that, including one monogrammed with his initials. The Police Department released a statement in which they claimed that the damage to Zinzun’s eye occurred when he fell onto the sidewalk during the scuffle.

“Michael was responding to a situation in the community where the police were just going hands off, very heavy handed, and using excessive force,” Farr said in the film.

Prosecutors declined to charge the two officers involved, Jim Ballestero and Chris Vicino, so Zinzun sued the city of Pasadena, which awarded him a $1.2 million settlement.

“I’m more determined than ever,” Zinzun told a Times reporter a month after the incident. “I’ve got my designer patch. I’d rather lose an eye fighting against injustice than live as a quiet slave. I just can’t see myself standing back. I will continue what I am doing. I am not going to stop.”

He established the Michael Zinzun Defense Committee to help defend others who experienced police abuse.

“Many people think that my father hated the police, but that’s such a big misunderstanding,” Michael Zinzun Jr. told Pasadena Black Pages. “He didn’t hate the police, he hated the abuse of authority. The slave-master mentality that the police force attracted.”

Vote Zinzun

Also in 1986, Zinzun ran for California state Assembly in the 55th District on the Peace and Freedom Party ticket. He polled higher than 10 percent in the primary that year, but Democrat Richard Polanco went on to win in the general election. Zinzun’s platform included “jobs with peace, affordable housing (immediate rent freeze), diverting military money to jobs, divesting California from [apartheid] South Africa, stopping the death penalty, bilingual education and no prisons in the 55th District.” Politically, he called himself a “radical Socialist.”

In 1989, Zinzun ran for a third time for a seat on the Pasadena City Council, then called the City Board of Directors. 

During that campaign, LAPD Assistant Police Chief Robert Vernon, a Christian fundamentalist who lived in Pasadena’s Linda Vista neighborhood near the Rose Bowl, took files from the LAPD’s Anti-Terrorism Division and leaked them to the press, which gave the public the false impression that Zinzun was under investigation for terrorism. Zinzun sued Vernon and the city of Los Angeles for defamation and a jury awarded him $3.8 million from the city and $10,000 from Vernon personally. In 1991, that ruling was overturned on procedural grounds. On appeal, Zinzun was ultimately awarded $512,500.

Vernon argued at the trial that he only used the LAPD’s computer to obtain newspaper articles about Zinzun which he then gave to his neighbor, former Pasadena Mayor John Crowley. Either way, the damage was done when the Anti-Terrorism Division became known as the source.

Zinzun said the settlement didn’t “make up for the fact that they chose to violate my civil rights. Right in the middle of my campaign, I was labeled a terrorist. This may have hurt me in one way, but in some [other] ways I do believe [it resulted in] the community becoming more and more aware of how the police can manipulate or attempt to manipulate public opinion.”

Also during the Pasadena campaign, Councilman Bill Paparian endorsed Zinzun over Chris Holden, son of then-LA City Councilman Nate Holden, who would go on to become a state Senator. Chris Holden ultimately won the Pasadena race, went on to become mayor of Pasadena when it was a rotating position on the council and has served in the Assembly since 2012. Zinzun was just 48 votes short of a runoff in that 1989 election.

“The late Loretta Glickman, the first African American mayor of Pasadena, was retiring, and Michael [Zinzun] announced his candidacy,” Paparian said. “I announced I was going to support Michael. I knew of him, I knew of his work regarding police misconduct and police reform. I knew of his involvement in the lawsuit that had been filed against the intelligence division of the LAPD that resulted in a settlement. I knew of his history with the Black Panther Party, and I knew of his work in Northwest Pasadena. He was an important person in the community.”

After the election, Paparian nominated Zinzun to Pasadena’s Northwest Commission in 1990, but the other members of the City Council refused to support his appointment.

“What is it about someone having been associated — in Michael’s case, for a brief period of time in the 70s — with the Black Panther Party that would be cause for them not to be considered for appointment to an advisory post for the city of Pasadena, when it’s someone who was currently active in the community, who was doing all kind of things for the community in a positive way?” Paparian said in the film.

In 1999, Zinzun, Paparian, Holden and several others ran for mayor of Pasadena, according to the Weekly, a race ultimately won by Bill Bogaard. Holden appointed Zinzun to the Pasadena Community Access Corporation’s (PCAC) Board of Directors in 2000.

‘Message to the Grassroots’

In the early 1990s, Zinzun launched his own hour-long, monthly TV talk show called “Message to the Grassroots,” which he hosted for nearly 10 years and co-produced with artist and activist Nancy Buchanan, who also produced the film. The show aired on Pasadena Media, the local public access channel, then called KPAS on Channel 56.

“Michael was a big proponent of cable access and fought hard to bring it to Pasadena,” Buchanan said in the film. “If there was going to be cable, [Zinzun lobbied] to have public access be required. He always understood how important media was.”

Farr said the film’s producers pored through more than 100 hours of Zinzun’s show. In one episode, Zinzun organized one of the first ever face-to-face truce meetings between members of the warring Bloods and Crips in the same studio. He was a major proponent of a truce between the rival gangs. In another episode, he provided analysis of the video of the beating of Altadena resident Rodney King by four LAPD officers, and talked to John Burton, a Pasadena lawyer specializing in police misconduct cases, just days before the LA Riots in April 1992. Zinzun also debuted footage of the beating from a second camera.

Zinzun served as the grand marshal of Pasadena’s Black History Parade twice, the only person to do so. And his activism extended beyond Southern California as well. He called for California to divest from South Africa during apartheid, spoke out on behalf of Namibians fighting for freedom and called attention to human rights abuses in Haiti.  His most lasting legacy, however, remains his impact on the movement for civilian oversight of the police, a dream partly realized with the establishment of Pasadena’s Civilian Police Oversight Commission last year.

Haywood released another film last year about tensions between Pasadena police and Pasadena’s African American community called “Thorns on the Rose: Black Abuse, Corruption & the Pasadena Police,” which was also produced by Farr and Jones. Funds raised from donations and proceeds from that film were awarded to local student Noah Griffin of Muir High School as part of the Anthony McClain Social Justice Scholarship.

‘An extraordinary force for justice’

In his later years, Zinzun was planning to become a chef. He had enrolled in a course at Pasadena’s Le Cordon Bleu culinary school. He passed away in his sleep on July 6, 2006, at age 57. He and his wife Florence, prominently featured in the film, had six children and 19 grandchildren, in addition to a seventh child he had with his first wife in 1968, Zinzun Jr.

“He was just an extraordinary force for justice and the civil rights movements,” Barry Gordon, who served on the PCAC board with Zinzun, told the Weekly. “He matched his passions with the principles.”

“Zinzun: A Revolutionary Activist” may be rented or purchased for limitless views at

Paradise Springs Eternal

Mountain destination once owned by Pasadena attorney debuts in its third act as a glamping resort steeped in its rich history

By Justin Chapman, Pasadena Now, 2/5/2022

On the other side of the mountains from Pasadena is a little-known camp with a rich history called Paradise Springs.

Nestled in gorgeous, remote, wooded Fenner Canyon about 19 miles west of Wrightwood, 25 miles east of Palmdale, and less than 70 miles northeast of Los Angeles, the 165-acre property was once a debaucherous destination resort for Hollywood stars and elites in the 1920s and ’30s.

Louis Luckel (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

Originally owned by a Pasadena attorney named Louis Luckel and then established by silent film villain Noah Beery Sr., the camp was frequented by Charlie Chaplin, Joseph Kennedy, Francis X. Bushman, Gloria Swanson, William Randolph Hearst, Marion Davies, Jack Warner, Cecil B. DeMille, and many others. They threw wild parties there, brewed illegal homemade hooch during Prohibition, hosted tennis tournaments and gambling, operated a cathouse, and raised millions of trout.

It then switched gears and became a Christian camp in the late 20th century until it was sold in December 2017 to Huttopia, a French glamping company that has since revamped the property, staged a 2021 pre-opening and will officially celebrate a grand opening this Spring as part of its line of Huttopia Villages. The Village concept is a small community that blends in with the surrounding nature, combining the experience of a camping escape with communal spaces, meals, and outdoor activities.

Huttopia Paradise Springs sign – August 2021 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

The 2021 ‘pre-opening’ was “a sort of exclusive boutique opening with 12 tents,” said Margaux Bossanne, brand and business development manager for Huttopia and manager of Huttopia Paradise Springs. Prices range between $220 to $450 per night.

Following the devastating period of time in which just about everyone had to cancel plans and trips and events and stay home for more than a year, people are looking for opportunities to get out, especially in nature, while also not having to struggle too much. Life has been hard in these new Roaring Twenties. Camping is sought after, while roughing it is not. Glamping—or glamorous camping—is an experience that could prove to be uniquely suited for this moment.

An oasis between desert and mountain

Ballroom at Paradise Springs (buffalo incident, burned down in 1930) (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

Before Fenner Canyon, where Paradise Springs is located, was first developed in 1902, early pinon-gathering Serrano indigenous people were the first to occupy the northeast-southwest canyon, situated at an elevation of 5,200 feet and bordered on both sides by dramatic rock outcroppings and steep ridges and populated with giant oaks, majestic evergreens, and poplar, alder, sycamore, and cottonwoods trees.

In the early 20th century, an avid outdoorsman and retired doctor from Pittsburgh named Caldwell Evans acquired 880 acres in the area, including the 165 that comprise Paradise Springs. In 1910, a prominent, successful, charismatic young lawyer from Pasadena named Louis Luckel purchased those 165 acres from Evans for $1.25 per acre, totaling about $200. Looking for a natural respite from the rigors and confrontational nature of courtroom battles, Luckel wanted to establish an upscale retirement campground for his family and friends, according to a history of the property written by Laurence “Gunner” Payne, who operated it as a Christian camp from 1965 to 1981.

“Bored with entertaining Hollywood royalty at his home in Pasadena,” according to a 1999 Daily Press article, Luckel set up 29 portable tents and cabins and he and his guests went fishing and hunting for bears, antelopes, and bighorn sheep. “He intended to sire seven sons, but ended up with only one nature-hating daughter” named Adelaide, who was also Payne’s aunt. She preferred the gentility and social graces of Pasadena to the rugged solitude and wilderness of Paradise Springs, Payne wrote.

During her first visit to the property in 1913, at age 13, Adelaide “shrieked when she realized she’d have to walk on dirt,” said Bill Hunt, marketing director for the Big Rock Creep Camp that operated on the Paradise Springs property from 1981 to 2017. “She hopped back into the limousine, never to return.” She soon convinced her father to sell the property when the opportunity came, leading to a couple of hard-partying actor brothers turning the place into a hedonistic wonderland for the stars.

A hedonistic wonderland for the stars

Noah Beery, Jr. radio performance

Noah Beery Sr. was born in 1882 and grew up on a farm in Missouri. He left home at 14 to sell newspapers in Kansas City, then sold peanuts and candy in theaters and circuses. While selling lemon drops at the Gillis Theatre in Kansas City, his booming voice caught the attention of actor Ned Risley, who convinced Beery to start a singing career. That led to melodramas. His young son, Noah Beery Jr.—who would become a successful actor himself in westerns—suffered a serious illness, leaving him with an $8,000 medical bill. Broke, he arrived in Los Angeles and booked a role in a suit of armor in Cecil B. DeMille’s 1916 movie about Joan of Arc called “Joan the Woman.” Paramount signed him and typecast him as a villain in silent movies such as 1921’s “Tol’able David,” 1923’s “The Spoilers,” and 1926’s “Beau Geste.”

A perennial nature lover and self-styled mountain man, Beery Sr. often went hunting in the hills around Mount Baldy. While on a hunting trip in the area in 1915, Beery Sr. happened upon Paradise Springs and took to it immediately. With the financial aid of his brother Wallace Beery, also an actor who later won an Academy Award for Best Actor for 1931’s “The Champ,” as well as funding from actors Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford, he made an offer to purchase the property from Luckel.

Adelaide urged and convinced her father to accept the offer. Luckel agreed, but included a shrewd clause in the sales contract that should the Beerys ever miss a mortgage payment or declare bankruptcy, the property would revert back to Luckel, who later bequeathed the property to Adelaide in his will when just that turn of events came to fruition decades later.

“Adelaide thought the property was one step out of hell,” Hunt said. “She hated it. And [actress] Gloria Swanson came and said, ‘Hey, honey, this is paradise.’ She’s the one who actually named the camp ‘Paradise Springs.’”

The Beery brothers’ plan for the property, which was just an hour and a half drive from downtown Los Angeles, was to cater to the Hollywood elite. They built an elegant ballroom and dining hall with grand vine-covered stone archway entrances, a high beam ceiling, a polished hardwood dance floor, a 45-foot redwood bar manned by several bartenders, and a stage big enough for a 22-piece orchestra. They also built 27 stone cabins, an Olympic-sized swimming pool, a tennis court, and 36 fish hatcheries consisting of a series of rock and mortar ponds through which the natural spring stream flowed, and stocked them with 1 million rainbow trout.

Wallace Beery (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

The Beery brothers loved to fish. In 1916, Wallace was credited with catching the largest sea bass in the world, at 515 pounds, off Santa Catalina Island. He held the record until 1952 when someone else caught a sea bass that was two pounds heavier.

Beery Sr. built his own river rock cabin next to the peaceful cascading ponds of Paradise Springs and called his new retreat Noah Beery’s Paradise Trout Club.

The brothers soon unveiled their getaway resort for Hollywood stars as the Roaring Twenties got underway. The LA Times reported that Beery Sr. “turned his ranch in Big Rock Canyon (near Saugus at Valyermo in the Antelope Valley) into a fishing paradise and will open it to friends Sunday. In the lap of Old Baldy on the north side of the mountains it is heavily wooded and traversed by numerous fast-flowing streams well stocked with trout.”

Noah Beery, Sr (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

For seven years, the Trout Club sold 1,500 pounds of fish every other week to two posh, swinging Hollywood establishments: the Cocoanut Grove nightclub at the Ambassador Hotel and the Brown Derby restaurant, two hotspots to see and be seen in Old Hollywood if ever there were any.

According to Beery Sr.’s son, Noah Beery Jr., the retreat quickly became a libidinous weekend destination for the first generation of celebrities in the Golden Age of Hollywood. Beery Jr. was also an actor and performed in 748 movies and TV shows, including the popular television series “The Rockford Files” in the 1970s. He lived at Paradise Springs from 1920 when he was 10 to 1937 when he was 27.

Hunt, the Christian camp’s marketing director from 1995 to 2005, interviewed Beery Jr. for three days in August 1994, shortly before Beery Jr. died of a cerebral thrombosis on November 1, 1994, in Tehachapi, California, at the age of 81. Hunt said “you wouldn’t believe some of the stuff he told me” about what went on at Paradise Springs during the 1920s and 30s when the Beery brothers owned it. “Everything was illegal. Everything was so illegal. Some stuff I didn’t even want to write [down]; it was sordid. I mean, it was unbelievable.”

Staircase built by Charlie Chaplin – June 2018 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

For example, in 1923, Charlie Chaplin built a rickety, winding staircase—still standing today—by himself in Beery Sr.’s cabin. The stairs led up to the second-floor bedroom that Chaplin used for his “extramarital romantic trysts,” according to Hunt, who learned it from Beery Jr. It was Beery Jr.’s job to warn Chaplin that his wife was coming up the hill so he and his mistress could escape out the back window.

“Charlie Chaplin loved Paradise Springs and invested heavily in its operations and events,” Hunt said. “Those crazy stairs that lead to the upstairs bedroom in Noah’s cabin, Charlie Chaplin literally built them himself.”

Beery Jr. told Hunt that he took hundreds of photos during his time at Paradise Springs and kept a diary about his father’s “hanky-panky place.”

‘Buffalo in the ballroom!’

Gloria Swanson, Charlie Chaplin, and Marion Davies (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

For a while, money was no object to the Beerys. They added a zoo to the property with an elephant, kangaroos, buffalo, and camels. In its heyday during Prohibition, Paradise Springs hosted up to 1,000 guests each weekend, including Chaplin, Pickford, Swanson, Fairbanks, Jack Warner, Cecil B. DeMille, W.C. Fields, William Randolph Hearst and his mistress Marion Davies, Francis X. Bushman, and many others.

“Glamorous Hollywood stars of the 1920s and 30s arrived by limousine for a weekend of bootleg liquor, on-site gambling, and the services of would-be starlets,” Hunt wrote. “The original clubhouse was an elegant showplace with a high-beamed ceiling, the arched rock entrance to the ballroom, and a polished hardwood dance floor. The Paradise Trout Club was notorious for its extravagant parties.”

The Beerys also had a fierce rivalry going with newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst and their respective resorts. Unlike at Paradise Springs, Hearst didn’t charge his guests to visit Hearst Castle in San Simeon, but it was much further away from Hollywood than Paradise Springs was. While San Simeon is 245 miles from LA, Paradise Springs is just 66 miles away. So Hearst commissioned seven private passenger trains to take guests from Union Station in downtown LA every Friday to San Simeon and back again on Sundays.

After the Hearst Castle was built in 1919, Hearst “spent a fortune bringing the A stars to San Simeon by private passenger trains rather than having them attend Beery’s Paradise Springs,” Hunt said.

And in 1928, during one of the many lavish, exclusive parties thrown by the Beerys in Paradise Springs’ grand ballroom, Hearst exacted his revenge. The structure had eight stone archway entrances, one of which was painted red. That door was reserved for the “diva of the weekend,” usually Swanson. Beery Jr. told Hunt that during a party on May 25, 1928, the ballroom was packed with 1,000 people. Shortly after Kennedy escorted Swanson through the red door and they made their grand entrance and took the seats of honor, there was a loud knock at that red door.

An enraged Kennedy, thinking it was Jack Warner or Cecil B. DeMille playing a prank, opened the door—and a giant bison charged past him into the ballroom, taken from the compound’s zoo and “stationed there by Hearst’s goons.”

Pandemonium broke out in the ballroom.

The confused animal slid across the dance floor and knocked over tables and chairs as celebrities and starlets in formal attire screamed and scrambled.

Noah’s cabin – June 2018 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

Teenage Beery Jr. ran up to Noah’s Ark, his father’s cabin, and yelled, “Dad! Dad! There’s a buffalo in the ballroom!” Beery Sr. hurried down to the ballroom, grabbed a shotgun from behind the bar, jumped up on top of the bar, and shot the beast betwixt the eyes.

He then apologized to his guests and invited all 1,000 of them to return the following weekend for a free buffalo barbecue. Chaplin had a taxidermist from Brooklyn fly to LA to stuff and mount the buffalo’s head before the subsequent party.

“Many believed Hearst was the one who hired the thugs to drag the buffalo in the ballroom,” Hunt said.

The Demise of Noah Beery’s Paradise Trout Club

Old trout ponds (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

The Trout Club, and Beery Sr.’s paradise, did not last forever, however. It turned out that the mountain water was too cold for trout propagation, upon which his business plan was dependent.

“Little did Noah Beery Sr. know that his decision to open this resort would eventually bring the tough-guy film star to his knees financially,” wrote Barry Colman in a 1988 article in Los Angeles Magazine. “That it would turn him into a ‘judgment debtor,’ unable to pay an $82 court judgment just five years after signing a five-figure contract for three weeks of filming.”

In 1930, the grand ballroom was destroyed by a mysterious fire.

“Many believed Hearst had it started by some of his thugs because of an argument he had with Wallace,” Hunt said.

Only the stone arches survived, which remained until Huttopia renovated the property and removed the arches last year due to earthquake safety concerns.

Arches that led to grand ballroom – June 2018 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

“They were a ‘high risk’ due to the seismic area,” Margaux Bossanne said. “They were pretty old and wouldn’t have held up.”

In 1932, the LA Times reported that Beery Sr. “doesn’t have any bank account or jewelry or securities or any safe-deposit box. And that’s why he hasn’t paid an $82 judgment rendered against him more than a year ago. ‘Yes, I own Paradise Ranch. Yes, there are fish on the place, but the income from the ranch isn’t enough to feed the fish,’ he declared under questioning by an attorney for the collection agency.”

While he continued to make many more movies, his “box office draw started to fade,” Colman wrote. “The Trout Club remained a financial, if not emotional, albatross until his death of a heart attack in [Beverly Hills] on April 1, 1946.” The New York Times wrote the next day in his obituary that the “veteran film actor died in the arms of his brother, Wallace Beery. He was at Wallace’s home on a leave from his engagement in a New York stage play (where he had begun his career), Up in Central Park. His death occurred on Wallace’s birthday. He was 64 years old.”

His official obituary noted that “a few hours later [the Beery brothers] were to have appeared together in a radio dramatization, and Wallace and his daughter, Carol Ann, upheld one of the theater’s oldest traditions by carrying on in the scheduled broadcast” even after Beery Sr.’s death earlier that same day. Wallace died three years later, also at age 64.

‘In stark contrast to the property’s racy past’

Hunt wrote that “as the Great Depression deepened its grip on the nation, and the ‘in crowd’ moved on to other amusements, the money at Paradise Springs dried up.”

Beery Sr. and his Paradise Trout Club went bankrupt in 1940, triggering the clause in the original 1915 sales contract with Louis Luckel that reverted the entire 165-acre property back to the Pasadena attorney who originally sold Paradise Springs to Beery Sr. Upon Luckel’s death on May 3, 1952, his daughter, now Adelaide Pettijohn, came into possession of Paradise Springs, per his will.

Adelaide leased the property to a succession of entrepreneurs over the next few years to operate as limited resort businesses, but none of them had much success in turning a profit.

“Having no interest whatsoever in the property, Adelaide luckily again entrusted the management of the property to her nephew Laurence ‘Gunner’ Payne,” Hunt wrote. “Immediately, Payne accepted the challenge to enthusiastically renovate the campground back to its original ambience. The new owners operated the camp in stark contrast to the property’s racy past.”

The camp’s new rules were: no alcohol, no gambling, and no dances. Sunday services took the place of debaucherous ballroom shindigs, with no interruptions from party-crashing buffalo.

Wilma Odell, Jonathan Odell, and Carrie Hunt (Courtesy of Jonathan Odell and Bill Hunt)

Paradise Springs Campground opened in Spring 1971. But the effort drained the Payne family so much that by 1981, Payne was ready to sell, and a group of investors consisting of four families answered the call: Bilgrave, Odell, Seed, and Lakshmanan. They continued the Christian emphasis. In 1992, after once again weathering a rough economic patch, the camp was renamed “Big Rock Creek Camp.”

The new Christian owners were well aware of—and even embraced—the property’s seedy past. Several pamphlets advertising Big Rock Creek Camp’s offerings told the old Hollywood stories. Like Noah Beery Sr.’s Paradise Trout Club, Big Rock Creek Camp also had a zoo, albeit with a somewhat less exotic variety of beast. The modern-day owners kept horses, llamas, emus, donkeys, turkeys, ostriches, goats, geese, sheep, pheasants, and a hawk. No buffalo this time.

By 2017, without a significant amount of new investment, the four families who owned Big Rock Creek Camp felt they could no longer continue to operate the camp.

“We ran it for more than 35 years, from 1981 until 2017, and there wasn’t much purpose in us running it anymore,” Jonathan said.

At the end, he said they were $17 or $18 in the black.

“So we did well; we actually were profitable,” he said with a laugh.

In December 2017, they sold Paradise Springs to the French glamping company, Huttopia.

‘A new kind of vacation in nature’

Huttopia Paradise Springs sign – August 2021 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

By the time Huttopia founders Philippe and Céline Bossanne called the Odells’ real estate agent in September 2017, they were already considering a different offer from Nestlé, the Swiss multinational food and beverage conglomerate corporation, which was interested in the water from the spring on the property that generates up to 1 million gallons a day.

The four families liked that Huttopia was going to keep Paradise Springs as a camp with a focus on families and that they’d put some money into upgrading the property.

“That seemed responsible,” Jonathan said. “We researched what Huttopia does and their other properties and what they look like and the type of clientele they serve. We trust that Huttopia will be good neighbors.”

The Odells kept one acre of the property and sold 144 acres to Huttopia. Paradise Springs was 165 acres when Luckel and Beery had it, 145 when it was a Christian camp, and 144 when Huttopia bought it.

Paradise Springs is Huttopia’s first location on the U.S. West Coast, though they are developing another one in California’s wine country. Their other North American locations are in Maine, New Hampshire, New York, and Québec, Canada. The rest are in Europe and China.

Staircase built by Charlie Chaplin – June 2018 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

Wilma Odell, Jonathan’s mother and a one-time director of Big Rock Creek Camp, added that she just hopes “nobody ever takes away [the Charlie Chaplin-built] staircase [in Noah Beery’s cabin] because of the history of it. It needs to stay there.”

Bossanne said Huttopia is very interested in the history and culture of Paradise Springs, and fully plans to respect and highlight that history, including Chaplin’s staircase.

“That’s what we are selling, actually: nature and culture,” he said. “The history of this place is so amazing. I really would like to feature the history in some way.”

Bossanne said Huttopia Paradise Springs is a big step for his company, which was founded in Lyon, France, in 2000.

Huttopia yurt – August 2021 (Photos by Mercedes Blackehart)

“Paradise Springs will be a wonderful Huttopia,” Bossanne said. “It’s nice, it’s quiet, it’s so close to LA. The fishing will be great for the families. There are so many activities to do in the mountains: hiking, bicycling, horse riding. We were so surprised to find such a place in LA County, right in the middle of the national forest, which just became a monument.”

In 2014, President Obama designated 346,177 acres of existing federal lands as the San Gabriel Mountains National Monument, which includes the Angeles National Forest in which Paradise Springs is located.

He added that glamping takes the difficulty out of camping, making it easier for families to enjoy the natural surroundings.

Huttopia will maintain many of the existing structures, cabins, river rock ponds, the kitchen, the pool, and other features that survived from the Beery, Payne, and Big Rock Creek Camp eras. Last summer, features such as the swimming pool and restaurant were open, while the cabin with Chaplin’s staircase and other features will be available this year during Huttopia’s full opening season.

Huttopia Paradise Springs is located at 18101 Paradise Dr., Valyermo, CA 93563. Learn more at